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北航12年6月课程考试《综合英语2》考核试题(五)

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                          北航12年6月课程考试《综合英语2》考核试题(五)

一、单选题(共 20 道试题,共 40 分。)
 1.  For breakfast he only drinks juice from fresh fruit ___ on his own farm.
A. grown
B. being grown
C. to be grown
D. to grow
     
2.  The place ___the bridge is supposed to be built should be___ the cross-river traffic is the heaviest.
A. which; where
B. at which; which
C. at which; where
D. which; in which
     
3.  The tsunami (海啸)____over 160, 000 people were killed was a terrible disaster for human beings.
A. of that
B. among which
C. during that
D. in which
     
4.  To succeed in a scientific experiment,____
A. one needs being patient person
B. patience is to need
C. one needs to be patient
D. patience is what needed
    
5.  One of the few things you ___ say about English people with certainty is that they talk a lot about the weather.
A. need
B. must
C. should
D. can
     
6.  It is not easy____the answer to the difficult math problem.
A. to figure out
B. figuring out
C. figure out
D. being figured out
     
7.  Frank's dream was to have his own shop ___ to produce the workings of his own hands.
A. that
B. in which
C. by which
D. how
     
8.  As the busiest woman in Norton, she made___her duty to look after all the other people's affairs in that town.
A. this
B. that
C. one
D. it
     
9.  —Did Linda see the traffic accident? —No, no sooner ___ than it happened.
A. had she gone
B. she had gone
C. has she gone
D. she has gone
     
10.  I have many friends , some ___are businessmen .
A. of them
B. from which
C. who of
D. of whom
    
11.  ____by the look on her face, she didn't catch what I meant.
A. Judging
B. Judged
C. Judge
D. To judge
     
12.  The owner of the cinema needed to make a lot of improvements and employ more people to keep it running, ___ meant spending tens of thousands of pounds.
A. who
B. that
C. as
D. which
     
13.  Each term our professors would____a list of books for us to read.
A. hand in
B. give away
C. pass out
D. write out
     
14.  —Who called me this morning when I was not? —A man calling___Robert.
A. him
B. himself
C. his
D. 不填
     
15.  —Well. I do think the rabbit is a beautiful, gentle animal which can run very fast. —___.
A. So it is
B. So is it
C. So does it
D. So it does
    
16.  How can you____her offer? I'm afraid she will feel hurt.
A. turn out
B. turn up
C. turn down
D. turn away
     
17.  He was educated at a local grammar school, ___ he went on to Cambridge.
A. from which
B. after that
C. after which
D. from this
     
18.  — Andrew won't like it, you know. —___? I don't care what Andrew thinks!
A. So what
B. So where
C. So why
D. So how
     
19.  This new coat cost me____the last one I bought two years ago.
A. three times
B. three times as much as
C. three times as much
D. three times much as
    
20.  She went to the bookstore and bought ___ .
A. dozen books
B. dozens books
C. dozen of books
D. dozens of books
     
二、阅读理解(共 3 道试题,共 60 分。)
                                                               (A)
  Every year more and more plants and animals disappear never to be seen again. Strangely, it is the most intelligent but most thoughtless animal that is causing most of the problems—man. Nature is very carefully balanced and if this balance is disturbed, animals can disappear alarmingly(令人担忧地) fast. Every day, thousands of species of animals draw closer to extinction. There are countless numbers of species which may become extinct before they are even discovered.
      In many lakes the fish are dying. Fishermen are worried because every year there are fewer fish and some lakes have no fish at all. Scientists are beginning to get worried too. What is killing the fish?
      The problem is acid rain. Acid rain is a kind of air pollution. It is caused by factories that burn coal or oil or gas. These factories send smoke high into the air. The wind often carries the smoke far from the factories. Some of the harmful substances in the smoke may come down with the rain hundreds of miles away.
      The rain in many places isn't natural and clean any more. It’s full of acid chemicals. When it falls in lakes, it changes them too. The lakes become more acidic. Acid water is like vinegar or lemon juice. It hurts when it gets in your eyes. It also kills the plants and animals that usually live in lake water. That is why the fish are dying in lakes.
      But dead fish may be just the beginning of the problem. Scientists are finding other effects of acid rain. In some large areas trees are dying. Not just one tree here and there, but whole forests. At first scientists couldn't understand why. There were no bugs or diseases in these trees. The weather was not dry. But now they think that the rain was the cause. Acid rain is making the earth more acidic in these areas. Some kinds of trees cannot live in the soil that is very acidic.
      Now scientists are also beginning to study the effects of acid rain on larger animals. For example, they believe that some deer in Poland are less healthy because of acid rain. If deer are hurt by the rain, what about people? This is the question many people are beginning to ask. No one knows the answer yet. But it is an important question for us all.
1). Every year thousands of species of animals ____.
A. are hunted for their meat and skins
B. migrate to other places
C. starve to death
D. die out
     
2). Acid rain is caused by____.
A. natural gas
B. the oone(臭氧)layer depletion(损耗)
C. acidic lake water
D. emissions of industrial enterprises
     
3). Which of the following is true?
A. Dead fish in lakes is the only problem caused by acid rain.
B. Scientists are sure that acid rain is not harmful for mankind.
C. If we don't make an attempt to stop acid rain we may never see some animals again.
D. There's no reason to worry about several trees that died of some unknown disease.
     
4). What is not mentioned in the text?
A. Acid rain is capable of dissolving(分解) some rocks and stones.
B. Fish are unable to live in the water containing acidic chemicals.
C. Coal, oil or gas form dangerous combinations after being burnt.
D. Scientists think that if some larger animals can be affected by acid rain, people may be in great danger.
     
5). Factory smoke.____
A. stays over the factories
B. is usually clean now
C. turns into air
D. can travel hundreds of miles
    
                                                                          (B)
 In the late 1960’s, many people in North America turned their attention to environmental problems, and new steelanglass skyscrapers were widely criticized. Ecologists pointed out that a forest of tall buildings in a city often overburdens public transportation and parking lots.
Skyscrapers are also consumers and wasters of electric power. In one recent year, the addition of 17 million square feet of skyscraper office space in New York City raised the peak daily demand for electricity by 120,000 kilowatts—enough to supply the entire city of Albany, New York, for a day.
      Glass-walled skyscrapers can be especially wasteful. The heat loss(orgain)through a wall of half inch plate glass is more than ten times that through a typical brick wall filled with insulation(绝缘)board. To lessen the strain on heating and air-conditioning equipment, builders of skyscrapers have begun to use double-glaze panels of glass, and reflective glasses coated with silver or gold mirror films that reduce glare(眩目的光)as well as heat gain. However, mirror walled skyscrapers raise the temperature of the surrounding air and affect neighboring buildings.                                                            
      Skyscrapers put a strain on a city’s sanitation facilities (卫生设备), too. If fully occupied, the two World Trade Center towers in New York City would alone produce 2.25 million gallons of wastes each year—as much a city the size of Stanford, Connecticut, which has a population of more than 109,000.
      Skyscrapers also affect television reception, block bird flyways and air traffic. In Boston in the late 1960’s,some people even feared that shadows from skyscrapers would kill the grass on Boston Common.
Still, people continue to build skyscrapers for all the reasons that they have always built them—personal pride and the desire of owners to have the largest possible amount of space to rent.1). The main purpose of the passage is to——
A. compare skyscrapers with other modern structures
B. describe some architectural designs of skyscrapers
C. describe skyscrapers and their effect on the environment
D. encourage using bricks in the construction of skyscrapers
    
2). According to the passage, what is one disadvantage of skyscrapers that have mirrored walls?
A. The surrounding air is heated.
B. Construction time is increased.
C. The windows must be cleaned daily.
D. Extra air conditioning equipment is needed.
     
3). According to the passage, in the late 1960’s some residents of Boston were concerned with which aspect of skyscrapers?
A. The noise from their construction.
B. The high cost of renting an office.
C. The harmful effects on the city’s grass.
D. The removal of trees from building sites.
     
4). The author raises problems that would most concern which of the following groups?
A. Pilots
B. Electricians
C. Environmentalists
D. Construction workers
    
5). The underlined word“ecologists” in paragraph one means————
A. experts on construction
B. experts on electric facilities
C. experts on the building materials
D. experts on protecting the environment

                                                                      (C)
 I hear many parents saying that their teen-age children are rebellion(反叛). I wish it were so. At your age you ought to be growing away from your parents. You should be learning to stand on your own two feet. But take a good look at the present rebellion. It seems that teenagers are all taking the same way of showing that they disagree with their parents. Instead of striking out bravely on their own, most of them are trying to seize at one another’s hands for safety.
      They say they want to dress as they please. But they all wear the same clothes. They set off in new directions in music. But somehow they all end up crowded round listening to the same record. Their reason for thinking or acting in thus-and-such a way is that the crowd is doing it. They have come out of their cocoon (蚕茧) ---- into a larger cocoon.
      It has become harder and harder for a teenager to stand up against the popularity wave and to go his or her own way. Industry has firmly open up a teen –age market. These days every teenager can learn from newspapers and TV what a teenager should have and be. And many of today’s parents have come to award(奖励) high marks for the popularity of their children. All this adds up to great difficulty for the teenager who wants to find his or her own path.
      But the difficulty is worth getting over. The path is worth following. You may want to listen to classical music instead of going to a party. You may want to collect rocks when everyone else is collecting records. You may have some thoughts that you don’t care to share at once with your classmates. Well, go to it. Find yourself. Be yourself. Popularity will come --- with the people who respect you for who you are. That’s the only kind of popularity that really counts.
1). The writer’s purpose in writing this passage is to tell _____.
A. reader how to be popular in the world
B. teenagers how to learn to decide things for themselves
C. parents how to control and guide their children
D. people how to understand and respect each other
     
2). According to the writer, many teen-agers think they are brave enough to act on their own, but, in fact, most of them ______.
A. have much difficulty in understanding each other
B. are not sure of themselves
C. dare not to do things
D. are very much afraid of getting lost
    
3). Which of the following is NOT true according to the passage?
A. There is no popularity that really counts.
B. What many parents are doing is actually keeping their children from finding their own path.
C. It is not necessarily bad for a teen-ager to disagree with his or her classmates.
D. Most teen-agers say they want to do what they like to, but in fact they are doing the same.
     
4). During the teen-age years, one should learn to _____.
A. become different from others in as many ways as possible
B. get into the right season and become popular
C. find one’s real self
D. rebel against parents
     
5). The best title for the passage is
A. To be the most popular one
B. How to win respect
C. Make your own decision
D. Control your children

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