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北航12年6月课程考试《综合英语2》考核试题(六)

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北航12年6月课程考试《综合英语2》考核试题(六)

一、单选题(共 20 道试题,共 40 分。)
1.  The teacher has his students ____ a composition every other week.
A. to write
B. written
C. writing
D. write
     
2.  John was given the same suitcase his father and grandfather ___ with them to school.
A. took
B. had taken
C. were taking
D. would take
    
3.  I don't think we've met before. You're taking me for ___.
A. some other
B. someone else
C. other person
D. one other
    
4.  Frank's dream was to have his own shop ___ to produce the workings of his own hands.
A. that
B. in which
C. by which
D. how
     
5.  My grandma still treats me like a child. She can't imagine___ grown up.
A. my
B. mine
C. myself
D. me
    
6.  At the foot of the mountain ___ .
A. a village lie
B. lies a village
C. does a village lie
D. lying a village
     
7.  I'm moving to the countryside because the air there is much fresher than___in the city.
A. ones
B. one
C. that
D. those
    
8.  To succeed in a scientific experiment,____
A. one needs being patient person
B. patience is to need
C. one needs to be patient
D. patience is what needed
     
9.  Many people who had seen the film were afraid to go to the forest when they remembered the scenes ___people were eaten by the tiger.
A. in which
B. by which
C. which
D. that
     
10.  We saw several natives advancing towards our party, and one of them came up to us, ____we gave some bells and glasses.
A. to which
B. to whom
C. with whom
D. with which
    
11.  —Well. I do think the rabbit is a beautiful, gentle animal which can run very fast. —___.
A. So it is
B. So is it
C. So does it
D. So it does
    
12.  Jim passed the driving test, ___ surprised everybody in the office.
A. which
B. that
C. this
D. it
     
13.  The biggest whale is ___ blue whale, which grows to be about 29 meters long—the height of ___ 9-story building.
A. the; the
B. a; a
C. a; the
D. the; a
     
14.  The company has to ____the benefits against the costs in the last three months.
A. boast
B. blame
C. block
D. balance
     
15.  You may drop in or just give me a call. ___ will do.
A. Either
B. Each
C. Neither
D. All
    
16.  Each term our professors would____a list of books for us to read.
A. hand in
B. give away
C. pass out
D. write out
    
17.  I believe you have____your purse in the living-room.
A. left alone
B. left behind
C. left off
D. left out
     
18.  He spent____collecting materials for his article.
A. a half year
B. half year
C. half a year
D. half of a year
     
19.  You will find as you read this book that you just can't keep some of these stories to ___. You will want to share them with a friend.
A. itself
B. yourself
C. himself
D. themselves
     
20.  The owner of the cinema needed to make a lot of improvements and employ more people to keep it running, ___ meant spending tens of thousands of pounds.
A. who
B. that
C. as
D. which
     
二、阅读理解(共 3 道试题,共 60 分。)
                                                                 (A)
 June 26, 2000—the Human Genome Project, a great 3 billion, 15 year task aimed at drawing the genetic map of humans, is now more than 90 percent completed. The scientific and medical communities are very excited about the chances genetic research provides for getting rid of diseases and prolonging human life. But those communities and policy makers also are careful about the scientific door they are opening as the project uncovers the mysteries of life.
  For the last few years, the genetic advances in fast developing field of biotechnology(生物学) have provided material for all kinds of work, but the developments of modern science in unlocking the secrets of the human genetic code have opened a world of possibilities for human health, as well as for the popular imagination。
  While European and Japanese researchers are making rapid progress in decoding human DNA, the leading organization for genetic research in the US, which began in 1990,is“unlocking the code "of the human body to learn how to defeat fatal diseases. Already, the Human Genome Project has become widely known and praised for finding the genes connected with terrible diseases, and making progress toward separating the genes that show a sign of breast cancer or AIDS.
  Once these genes are found and studied, researchers can develop new ways to attack infections, and genetic diseases. Medical companies are very interested in mapping the human genome, as they expect to develop lots of new drugs for these diseases.
1). Why did the scientists work hard at mapping the Human Genome?
A. Because it can destroy many illnesses.
B. Because its completion can help them get rid of many diseases.
C. Because it can provide a lot of chances of work.
D. Because they wanted to be better known than others.
     
2). Which country studied the genes most rapidly in the world?
A. Japan.
B. Germany.
C. The United States
D. European countries.
     
3). All of the following states are correct except that————
A. if the genes can be found, scientists can study many new ways to cure illnesses
B. the USA began the genes study early in the 19th century
C. many medical companies show great interest in drawing the human genome map
D. the scientists have made great progress in connecting the genes with the cancers
     
4). The author suggests that the Human Genome Project can cause——
A. the policy makers to feel very worried and careful
B.  the scientists to work harder
C. many people to find work easily
D. a lot of companies to produce many new drugs
     
5). The main idea of this article is——
A. the great Human Genome
B. the Gene’s discovery
C. unlocking the Genetic Code
D. the Genes and the Scientists
 
                                                                  (B)
   Viruses cause disease by going into the body and taking over cells. But they have different taste. Each virus likes to take over only one type of cells. The rabies(狂犬病) virus, for example, only takes over brain cells. The virus that causes warts takes over skin cells.
    Cold virus about 200 types in all, only takes over cells in your nose and throat(咽喉). Once a cold virus has taken over a cell, that cell is sure to die. But as it’s dying, it does something to save the cells around it, telling all the neighboring cells that a virus is coming and that they had better get ready for the attack. It also gives white blood cells time to come to the rescue. White blood cells live in your blood. When a cold comes, they leave the blood and go to your throat and nose where they kill and eat the viruses. The battle is hard and it can go on for several days. Luckily, the white blood cells always win.
    After the battle, the white blood cells leave behind a special group of guards, called antibodies. The antibodies go through the bloodstream and make sure that the defeated cold virus never attacks again. And you can never get the same cold twice.
    For the white blood cells to come in charge of the rescue, your body has to send extra blood to the cold’s battle site --- your nose and throat. The extra blood makes the inside of your nose and throat swell (肿) and turn red. That’s why you get a sore(疼痛的) throat. That’s also why you get a runny nose. When you are feeling well, the mucus(黏液) that lines and protects the inside of your nose usually moves backwards toward your throat. Then it slides into your stomach, where it is destroyed. But when you have a cold, your nose gets too swollen for the mucus to move backwards. So it comes out the front of your nose.
1). During the battle against cold viruses, white blood cells .
A. leave the blood and kill the viruses
B. stay on guards in the blood
C. eat the viruses that live in your blood
D. go into the viruses
     
2). What is the duty of the antibodies?
A. To prevent the defeated cold virus away from attacking you again.
B. To fight against the white blood.
C. To have no colds any more.
D. To leave behind the bloodstream.
     
3). You get a sore throat because .
A. your throat needs to take part in the battle
B. there is some blood in your throat
C. your throat is sticky
D. extra blood is sent to fight against the virus
    
4). Which of the following is true?
A. Viruses cause disease by going into the skin and taking over cells.
B. Each virus likes to take over lots type of cells.
C. the white blood cells always lost in the battle.
D. The antibodies go through the bloodstream and make sure that the defeated cold virus never attacks again.
    
5). Which of the following is the best title for this text?
A. Colds
B. After a Cold
C. Antibodies
D. Viruses
  
                                                             (C) 
  My mother knew how to knit (编织), but she never taught me. She thought that knitting was no longer a skill worth passing down. My grandmother still knitted, though, and every Christmas she made a pair of socks for my brother and me , of red wool (羊毛) . They were the ones we wore under our ice skates, when it was really important to have warm feet.
      Knitting is a nervous habit that happens to be productive. It helped me give up smoking by giving my hands something else to do. It is wonderful when you feel sad because no matter what else happens, you are making something beautiful.
      I love breathing life into the patterns. It’s true magic finding a good design, buying beautiful wool in the exact blue to match my daughter’s eyes, taking it on the train with me every day for two months, working happily to get it done by Christmas, and staying up late after stockings are filled to sew in the sleeves and weave in the end.
      Knitting has taught me patience (耐性). I know that if I just keep going, even if it takes months, there will be a reward (报酬). When I make a mistake, I know that becoming angry will not fix it, that I just have to go back and take out the knitting bag and start over again.
      People ask if I would do it for money, and the answer is no. First, you could not pay me enough for the hours I put into a sweater. But more importantly, this is an activity I keep separating from such considerations. I knit to cover my children and other people I love in warmth and color. I knit to give them something earthly that money could never buy.
      By day I can write about Northern Ireland or the New York City Police Department and get paid for it , but on the train home , surrounded by people with laptops (便携式电脑), I take out my old knitting bag and join the centuries of women who have knitted for love.
1). The writer wore the socks her grandmother had knitted for her .
A. in winter
B. when she went skiing
C. during the Christmas holidays
D. when she needed to keep her feet warm for skating
     
2). Which of the following is NOT true about knitting according to the writer?
A. It helps her giving up her habit.
B. It helps her get rid of her sadness or anger.
C. It requires patience.
D. It is a money--making business.
     
3). When made a mistake in knitting, we should .
A. become angry
B. pay for the mistake
C. go back and knit again
D. start smoking
     
4). Which of the following is TRUE?
A. The writer learned to knit from her mother.
B. The writer often does her knit on the train.
C. The writer never does her knit at home.
D. The writer knits for two months every year.
  
5). We can infer from the text that .
A. many other women knit with the writer
B. the writer makes money by writing articles
C. the writer gets paid after months of knitting
D.  the writer often gets nervous at work
  

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